Artificial insemination is the direct insertion of sperm into a woman’s uterus, cervix, or fallopian tubes with the aim of achieving pregnancy. By directly inserting the sperm, it makes easier for the sperm to travel and fertilize the egg.
Artificial insemination can help women who have had difficulty conceiving through sexual intercourse and whose partners have been shown to have low-motility sperm, a low sperm count or other fertility issues. It is also an option for women suffering with endometriosis or other abnormalities in their reproductive organs.
There are different types of artificial insemination which include intrauterine insemination (IUI) and intracervical insemination (ICI). Intrauterine insemination is the most popular and efficient type of artificial insemination and involves inserting the washed sperm into the uterus using a catheter. Intracervical insemination involves injecting unwashed sperm into the cervix with a syringe.
Some patients may receive artificial insemination in conjunction with hormonal injections to optimizes their chances of achieving pregnancy. If artificial insemination is not successful, patients may want to explore alternative options such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).